Online Matchmaking


All of the multiplayer items in Dark Souls will pair players within a specific range of levels. There are also varying requirements for successful use of each item.

Level Range Formulas

The level range formulas are always calculated from the perspective of the player using the multiplayer item, not the host. For the given formulae below, x = the level of the player using the corresponding item.

White Sign Soapstone, Eye of Death & Dragon Eye

These three items use the standard co-op range. Players can be paired with others who are relatively near their level, using what is commonly referred to as the "10 + 10%" calculation.

x +/- (10 + 0.1x)

  • Level 50 can be matched with: 35 - 65
  • Level 100 can be matched with: 80 - 120

Red Sign Soapstone & Cat Covenant Ring

These two items use the same calculation as the above items to find out the lowest levels they can be paired with, but there is no upper-level restriction. This allows users of these items to be paired with anyone that is a higher level, all the way up to the max level.

x - (10 + 0.1x), or any level higher

  • Level 50 can be matched with: 35 - 713
  • Level 100 can be matched with: 80 - 713

Red Eye Orb & Cracked Red Eye Orb

Similar to the Red Sign Soapstone, these items can pair an invader with a host slightly below their level, or all the way up to max level. The difference is that the red eye orbs use a different formula for the lower-level limit, invading only 10% below the invader's level. This results in a smaller level range.

x - 0.1x, or any level higher

  • Level 50 can be matched with: 45 - 713
  • Level 100 can be matched with: 90 - 713

Blue Eye Orb & Darkmoon Blade Covenant Ring

These items use the co-op range to calculate the highest level that can be invaded, but a unique formula allows Darkmoon invaders to go considerably far downwards.

x - (50 + 0.2x) (lower-level limit)
x + (10 + 0.1x) (upper-level limit)

  • Level 100 can be matched with: 30 - 120
  • Level 200 can be matched with: 110 - 230

Connection Requirements & Tips

Multiplayer Item White Sign Soapstone Red Sign Soapstone Red Eye Orb Blue Eye Orb Darkmoon Blade Ring Cat Covenant Ring Eye of Death Dragon Eye
Method of Connection Summoned by others through sign for co-op Summoned by others through sign for PvP Invades other player in their world Invades other player in their world Invades other player in their world Invades other player in their world Summons others into your world for PvP through sign Summoned by others through sign for PvP
Covenant Restricted? No No Yes - Darkwraith Yes - Blade of the Darkmoon Yes - Blade of the Darkmoon Yes - Forest Hunter Yes - Gravelord Servant Yes - Path of the Dragon
Other Conditions for Item User none Requires human form Requires human form none none none - Requires human form
- Area boss must be undefeated
none
Conditions for Found Player - Requires human form
- Area boss must be undefeated
- Requires human form
- Area boss must be undefeated
- Requires human form
- Area boss must be undefeated
- Requires human form and Sin
- Area boss must be undefeated
- Requires human form
- Must be in Anor Londo with Gwynevere slain
- Requires human form
- Must be in Darkroot Garden with Sif undefeated
none - Requires human form
- Area boss must be undefeated
- Must have at least 1 Dragon Scale in inventory
Spawn Location Exact location of sign Exact location of sign Corresponding spawn locations Corresponding spawn locations Set of randomized locations in Dark Anor Londo Set of randomized locations in Darkroot Garden Corresponding spawn locations Corresponding spawn locations
Tips for Successful Use Follow recommended levels for different areas. Place your sign in a high traffic area (near a bonfire or boss fog gate). It will not work in areas where it appears grayed-out in the HUD. Although you can be summoned by any higher level player, there may be priority given to players of closer levels. Try being within white sign soapstone range of a particular player for better chances. Do not be too high of a level, because you cannot invade other players much further below your level. Do not be too low of a level. At low levels, there may not be a sufficient numbers of hosts with sin. Do not be too low of a level, for the same reason as the Blue Eye Orb. At low levels (roughly below 80), summons can be very rare. Because you can invade any level higher, the ring is successful at low levels. However, invading much higher players may put you at a disadvantage, so being closer to a common PvP range (~80 - 120 or higher) is recommended over being low level. The Eye of Death creates a Gravelord Sign that is invisible to the servant. For other players, it appears exactly where the servant is standing (it will move around if the player moves around). Standing in high traffic areas, like near bonfires, is recommended. Similar to the Eye of Death, placing your sign in a high traffic area is recommended. Due to the requirements, dragon signs aren't frequently seen and are suggested to be used only in popular PvP locations (the Burg, Kiln, Darkroot Garden bonfire, and Oolacile Township bonfire), for best chances of success.
Misc. - - - Has the best chances for success in popular PvP locations, and areas with optional bosses (due to the host needing to have the area boss still alive). Has a fairly high success rate and is typically considered the best invasion item. Cracked Red Eye Orbs work the same way, but are not covenant restricted. Known for a sometimes low success rate, but can work well when being the right level range in higher-traffic areas. Known for a low success rate with infrequent multiplayer action, especially at low levels. Known for a high success rate and lots of multiplayer action. Players are typically unable to see black phantoms in their world until NG+ or higher, so it is recommended that the Gravelord Servant be at a level where the average player-base reaches NG+. Low level gravelording can find players to invade you, but it is not recommended since the phantoms spawn more rarely that way. The summon sign will appear for other players where the Dragon Eye was used.
  • The Cracked Red Eye Orb is identical to the Red Eye Orb, except it is not covenant-restricted.
  • Common PvP levels determined by unofficial, meta-game standards are 100, 120, and 125.

Level Range Calculators

Level Range Calculator (website) - Input any level to find out all of the possible level ranges for each multiplayer item.

Notes

  • When calculating a level range, if a decimal place is created by the 0.1x or 0.2x part of the equations, the decimal place is truncated entirely, resulting in a rounding down to the nearest whole number. This is done before adding or subtracting it to the player's original level.
  • It is commonly assumed that the forest area of the Darkroot Garden is without level restrictions. This is a common misconception, all items maintain their normal level ranges and the Cat Covenant Ring functions identically to the Red Sign Soapstone.
  • It was widely believed that the amount of Sin a host had would affect the level range of the Darkmoon invaders who can target them. Testing has confirmed this to be false, a host simply needs at least 1 point of sin logged in the Book of the Guilty to be targeted by the Blue Eye Orb. The level range is consistent and will not be affected by the amount of sin.
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